Bihor – Tinovul Ic Ponor

Wetland BH-015-Tinovul Ic Ponor

General information

The Tinovul ecosystem from Ic Ponor, located at an altitude of 1040 m, is included in the Bihor Mountains and is located, from an administrative point of view, in Budureasa commune, Bihor county. From a biogeographical point of view, the ecosystem is integrated into the boreal floor, the peatland being oligotrophic. The surface of the ecosystem consists of 4 isolated vats, with areas of 0.22 + 0.39 + 0.56 + 0.08 ha.

Monitoring restoration works

8.04.2024 – Monitoring the restoration works at the Ic Ponor revealed a hydrated peat bog affected by windthrow. The tourist signs provide better information for all potential visitors. With the help of piezometers, certain parameters associated with the water resource can be monitored at a certain frequency.

Responsible tourism depends on each of us. We encourage every potential visitor to practice sustainable tourism and admire nature as it is.

Restoration works

2-3.2024 – Subsequent to obtaining the environmental permit, as well as other authorizations required by local institutions, all the restoration works associated with Ic Ponor Peatland were implemented. During several field trips, the following activities were carried out:

  • Installation of a billboard;
  • Placement of tourist signs;
  • Installation of piezometers for monitoring water level fluctuations;
  • Creation of dams to optimize the water budget in the peat bog.

All restoration works were carried out using local materials, with a non-invasive impact on the peatlands.

Creating promotional materials

2.2024 – In order to promote the peatland ecosystems associated with the NWPEAT project, several distinct informational and promotional materials have been created for each peatland. In this regard, Ic Ponor Peatland has a digital brochure and a billboard that will be placed on-site.

Restoration scheme – Tinovul Ic Ponor

25.02.2022 – In order to restore the functions of the BH-015-Tinovul Ic Ponor peatland ecosystem, the aim is to obtain an optimal hydrological balance and improve the state of the ecosystem. The main pressures and threats identified affecting this wetland are desiccation, invasive plant penetration and habitat fragmentation.

Field documentation at Tinovul Ic Ponor

24.05.2022 – Located in a karst area, the Ic Ponor peatland is individualized by a well-preserved ecosystem, an aspect also observed during the field trip in May 2022. The observations and recommendations of NINA partners advocate this situation. For this reason,  the scheme restoration of this peatland will be modified.

Water assessments and UAS flights at Tinovul Ic Ponor

21.07.2022 – The succession of field trips continued in July with Tinovul Ic Ponor. As in the case of La Poduri peatland, information on primary water data on water quality and hydrographic network configuration has been updated. Assessments were made on the spot on liquid flows, noting a significant decrease compared to the previous field campaign, conducted on May 24, 2022. The team members carried out sampling and in-situ assessments of the surface water quality, using specific field equipment. The activity was also documented photographically, including details on local plant species. Based on the existing equipment, several parallel overflights were made, in bands, with the help of the drone. A DEM and a high-resolution ortho-map associated with Tinovul Ic Ponor were achieved.

Habitat mapping Ic Ponor

3.08.2022 – The August habitat map associated with Tinovul Ic Ponor is quite heterogeneous. The following habitats have been identified by segment:

  • The western segment is represented by a typical peatland, dominated by priority habitat 7110*, which is in an unsustainable state of conservation;
  • the central segments are dominated by habitat 91D0, and for a small portion by habitat 7140;
  • the eastern segment is the best preserved and the best drained segment.

Inventory and monitoring of Ic Ponor biodiversity

27.08.2022 – The end of the summer materialized with a new field survey in Ic Ponor peatland. The peatland location in a karst area well exploited for tourism (Cetățile Ponorului) determines its accessibility also through a sustainable form of tourism, cycling.